A Beginner’s Guide on What is Forex Trading?


Foreign exchange, also regarded as forex or FX, is the exchange of various currencies on a decentralised international market. It is one of the biggest and most liquid stock markets on the planet. Forex trade includes the mutual acquisition and sale of the world’s commodities on this platform.

Forex is one of the most actively traded economies throughout the globe with a combined average daily turnover recorded above $5 trillion a day. The forex market is not centrally located or traded and is available 24 hours per day from Sunday night to Friday night. A broad variety of currencies are increasingly being traded as individuals, businesses and corporations perform foreign business and aim to take advantage of rate volatility.

International exchange rates for separate currency pairs reflect the levels at which any currency can be traded for the other. It serves a crucial role in international trade and industry since goods or services purchased in a foreign land must be paid for using the currency of that nation. You can exchange currency pairs via forex margin trading or through CFDs. If you want to know more about forex trading, keep reading on and learn all the basic understanding of what is forex trading. 

How does forex trading works?

Forex is always exchanged in currency pairs – GBP/USD, for instance (sterling v US dollar). You predict if the value of one national currency will continue to climb or fall against the commodity of another nation and you take a stance appropriately. Glancing at the GBP/USD currency pair, the first currency (GBP) is considered the ‘base currency’ and the secondary currency (USD) is considered the ‘counter currency.’ 

When selling forex, you guess if the value of the main currency will rise or fall against the counter currency. So, in GBP/USD if you think GBP is going to grow against USD, you’re going to buy a currency pair for a long trade (buying). Alternatively, if you believe GBP is going to fall against USD (or USD is going to increase against GBP), the price action is going to be short (selling). And that’s it but it’s not that simple as it looks, there are a lot of trading types, strategies, techniques and terms which a forex trader should properly know about to have a profitable experience. 

What triggers one commodity in a forex pair to  strengthen?

There are a lot of variables at work in this process, and they all relate in some form to whether the value of a currency decreases or increases in comparison to the other. Comprehending the impact variables provides traders perspectives that they can integrate into their forex trading techniques, such as day trading, swing trading and forex scalping approaches.

Some of these considerations include global stability, interest rates, wage growth, trading terms, national debt and current account deficits. For instance, in the form of interest rates, if the levels are increased, lenders get greater returns relative to those in a lower-rate country; thus, higher rates draw international money, which allows the market rate to increase. This is one of the reasons why ex traders may wish to exchange on interest rate updates from central banks such as the US Federal Reserve or the Bank of England.

What triggers one commodity in a forex pair to decline?

The reasons listed above may also trigger the commodity to weaken. For instance, the currency of a low-interest rates country would usually increase because the buying power of that country is greater than other currencies. Also, natural events, such as hurricanes or tsunamis, which are putting a burden on the economy of a country, may harm the currency.

Political uncertainty and weak economic results may also have a bad influence on the currency, just like when there are state elections or international economic downturns. Politically secure economies with robust economic output will often be more attractive to foreign investors so that these nations will pull investment away from nations with more economic or political uncertainties. Moreover, a nation with a sharp downturn in economic output will suffer a lack of confidence in its currency and a transfer in resources to currencies of more economically prosperous nations. These are only two basic indicators of what might affect foreign exchange rates and the type of things traders look out for when planning forex strategies and approaches.

What types of forex traders you may encounter on the forex market?

Bigger than any combined stock exchange, the forex market draws a range of traders, many of whom work with unique trading techniques. Here are the key categories of traders you can see trading on the forex markets currently.

1. Day traders:

Day traders, as their name suggests, operate on a day time basis. At the end of each day, the day trader closes all of his or her trading positions opting not to keep anything going overnight. Usually, this sort of trader is highly qualified and extremely experienced in the industry in which they work. Day traders often use several strategies to guarantee their performance and to make rapid investment choices. Apart from shutting their positions at the end of the day, you can classify day traders with the following features:

  • High-Value Exchange
  • Capacity to rely on technological patterns instead of on data interpretation
  • Emphasis on high turnover speeds, striving for more gains
  • Pairing unpredictable currencies such as the sterling and the yen, which can display significant fluctuations over very brief timeframes.
  • Trying to trade on averages and features of the day rather than using long-term preparation

Performance, for a day trader, implies the end of the day with no open positions and a benefit compared to the start of the session. This style of trade also applies to those who work with high-volume stocks and who have a detailed knowledge of market analysis.

2. Position traders:

On the other side of the continuum from the day-trader resides the position trader, who keeps his position for prolonged periods: weeks, months, or even decades. Less involved in short-term market volatility than day traders, these forex analysts give thought to a weekly or monthly price activity analysis. They stick more narrowly to traditional principles, listen carefully for updates such as financial releases, stock prices, reorganisations and transactions, and look for related opportunities.

In general, a position trader:

  • Keep fewer trading places (sometimes only a few times a year)
  • Take decisions by taking into consideration economic theories, governments and interest rates announcements.
  • Act through every global currency, even emerging market favourites
  • Seek to catch the majority of the activity of a place in the expectation that it will increase over time.
  • Emphasizes the technical investigation of stocks

The attraction of the trading position is its lower demand for the time of the dealer compared to other trading types. For a year, many positions traders work on less than 10 positions, allowing them to concentrate on other facets of their holdings. Risk-wise, though, position trading is based on a gamble that a particular trend will persist over time. If it doesn’t work, it will lead to multiple capital losses.

3. Swing traders:

Somewhere between the day and the position traders are swing traders, who earn a profit by keeping a position anywhere from the night to a few weeks. As the title suggests, these traders buy when the stock starts to swing up and sell whenever this value swing ends. Timing is extremely critical for swing traders, and a professional trader can pay particular attention to demand over a longer period. Swing traders are working on the following standards:

  • A balanced methodology to fundamental research and patterns; looking at both macroeconomic and day-to-day developments;
  • Rely on short-term market movement to leverage on the elevated swing
  • Putting positions in liquid currency pairs like the dollar and the pound
  • The capture of high and low levels
  • Like day trading, swing trading requires a technical study of market fluctuations.

Effective swing trading will lead to higher returns with less expense. Though, a swing trader needs practise and a strong understanding of forex tactics and the ability to interpret patterns well.

What are the advantages of forex trading?

Some of the key advantages of forex trading that keep this asset class a common option among traders is: 

  • Power to exchange on the margin (using leverage)
  • Large levels of liquidity mean that spreads remain tight, keeping trade costs down.
  • Prices are responding quickly to current events and financial developments (this can be a disadvantage too)
  • Deal 24 hours each day, Sunday to Friday.
  • The opportunity to trade long and short
  • A wide number of markets (spread bet or trade CFDs on over 300 forex pairs with CMC Markets)


Forex or currency trading is a fast-paced, thrilling process, and some traders will concentrate exclusively on trading in this investment market. They might also want to specialise in a few chosen currency pairs, spending a lot of time in understanding the various economic and political forces that influence these currencies. To sum it up, it is a great trading platform with its risks and benefits. If one is truly interested to step into this market, he/she need a lot of practice, research and training. 

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