Open Europe’s solutions are for the most part very sensible; let us hope that they are adopted almost wholesale by the UK’s negotiating team.

Allister Heath in The Daily Telegraph, 28 March 2017

Our Experts

  • Henry Newman, Director

    Henry Newman

    Director Henry joins Open Europe having worked as a special adviser in the Ministry of Justice and the Cabinet Office. He has taught politics at the School of Oriental and African Studies and elsewhere, and studied at the University of Oxford, Harvard University, and the London School of Economics. See Articles
  • Stephen Booth, Director of Policy and Research

    Stephen Booth

    Director of Policy and Research Stephen is Director of Policy and Research at Open Europe. While at Open Europe he has written on EU regulation, justice and home affairs and EU aid policy. Stephen holds an undergraduate degree in political science and was awarded the Jean Monnet Prize for his master's degree in European studies from the University of Sussex. Stephen's professional interests include democracy and transparency in the EU, the interaction between domestic and EU law and European cooperation in crime and policing. He is half Dutch.
 See Articles
  • Pieter Cleppe, Head of Brussels Office

    Pieter Cleppe

    Head of Brussels Office Pieter is the Head of the Brussels office of Open Europe (Open Europe Brussels VZW). He is a frequent contributor to the broadcast and print media across Europe, frequently discussing EU reform, the refugee crisis and the eurocrisis. A trained lawyer, Pieter previously practiced law in Belgium, and has worked as a cabinet advisor and speechwriter to the Belgian State Secretary for Administrative Reform. Pieter also previously worked as an analyst at the Belgium’s Itinera Institute, which he helped to found. He received his legal training at the Catholic University of Leuven, and also studied law and economics at the universities of Hamburg, Bologna and Vienna. Pieter is fluent in Dutch, English and French. He also speaks German and intermediate Italian. See Articles
  • Aarti Shankar, Policy Analyst

    Aarti Shankar

    Policy Analyst Aarti joined Open Europe after working as a researcher in public affairs. She holds a masters in European Public Policy from UCL, with a focus on crisis policy learning within the European Union. She also holds an undergraduate degree in French and English Literature from Durham University, and was awarded the university's 2015 combined honours research prize. She speaks fluent French. See Articles
  • Leopold Traugott, Policy Analyst

    Leopold Traugott

    Policy Analyst Leopold joined Open Europe after working in think tanks in Brussels and London. He holds a masters in Global Politics from the London School of Economics, with a focus on Russian influence in Europe, as well as migration and emerging socio-political divides across the continent. He previously read European Studies from Maastricht University. Leopold is fluent in German, English and French, and speaks some Spanish and Dutch. See Articles
  • Enea Desideri, Research Analyst

    Enea Desideri

    Research Analyst Enea holds a masters in European studies from the London School of Economics, having previously studied International Relations at the University of Bath, where he won the university’s 2015 prize for the best performance in a Politics programme. He joined Open Europe after working for the International Business team of the London Chamber of Commerce. Enea is fluent in Italian and English. He speaks Spanish and basic French. See Articles
  • Anna Nadibaidze, Intern

    Anna Nadibaidze

    Intern Anna holds an MSc in International Relations from the London School of Economics and has previously studied at McGill University and the University of Edinburgh. She has lived and worked in Russia, Canada, the UK and Austria. In addition to English, Anna speaks Russian, French and Italian. See Articles
  • Dominic Walsh

    Intern Dominic interns for us while studying for an MA in British Politics and Contemporary History at King’s College London, with a focus on the relationship between EU politics and British political parties. He holds a First-Class undergraduate degree in History from Durham University. Dominic also has experience in the think-tank sector, having worked for the Constitution Unit at University College London prior to joining Open Europe. See Articles

Need to know facts

Trade in Services (£bn) Trade in Goods (£bn)
2002 £-2.1bn £-22.4bn
2003 £-6.1bn £-26.7bn
2004 £0bn £-31.7bn
2005 £2.3bn £-37.7bn
2006 £4.1bn £-31.6bn
2007 £8.1bn £-42.4bn
2008 £11.8bn £-40bn
2009 £11.2bn £-37.9bn
2010 £10.6bn £-44.1bn
2011 £14.5bn £-43.2bn
2012 £11.8bn £-56.2bn

Diverging UK trade balance with EU-27 in services and goods (2002-12) (£bn)

While the UK is net importer of goods from the EU (with a deficit of £56.2bn in 2012), it is a net exporter of services (with a surplus of £11.8bn). Open Europe’s simulated Brexit negotiations showed that if the UK left the EU, it could be difficult for the UK to strike a deal on services with other member states.Source: ONS Pink Book 2013.