The ten participants sitting around the round table all know how to negotiate. Nearly all had represented their governments in Brussels, and in the case of Italian Enrico Letta and Irish John Bruton, as their heads of government.

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

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    Stephen Booth

    Acting Director Stephen is Acting Director at Open Europe and heads its policy and research team. While at Open Europe he has written on EU regulation, justice and home affairs and EU aid policy. Stephen holds an undergraduate degree in political science and was awarded the Jean Monnet Prize for his master's degree in European studies from the University of Sussex. Stephen's professional interests include democracy and transparency in the EU, the interaction between domestic and EU law and European cooperation in crime and policing. He is half Dutch.
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    Pieter Cleppe

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    David Shiels

    Policy Analyst Dr David Shiels holds a PhD in History from Cambridge, where he also studied for his masters and undergraduate degrees. His academic interests include Euroscepticism in the UK, immigration and domestic British politics. He is writing a book on the career of Enoch Powell and is an expert on the Thatcher era. David is from Northern Ireland and has written widely about Ulster Unionism and UK-Ireland relations. See Articles
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    Dominic Walsh

    Policy Analyst Dominic joined Open Europe in 2017. He holds an MA in British Politics and Contemporary History at King’s College London, where he obtained a Distinction. His areas of expertise include the UK-EU relationship, British political parties, and Euroscepticism in the UK. His research focuses on Brexit and Parliament. He has previously worked as a researcher for the UCL Constitution Unit, and holds a first-class undergraduate degree in History from Durham University. See Articles
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    Anthony Egan

    Research Analyst Anthony joined Open Europe in 2018. He holds an MA in Legal and Political Theory and a BSc in Economics, both from UCL. His research focuses on the economics of European affairs, demographic change and immigration. Anthony has experience in the media industry, having worked for a business and finance media outlet prior to joining Open Europe. See Articles

Need to know facts

Financial 25%
Insurance & Pension 4%
Other business services 26%
Travel 16%
Transport 12%
Other 17%

UK services exports to the EU (2015) - total £88.9bn

In 2015, the UK’s surplus in services with the EU was £20.9bn, largely driven by the £19.1bn surplus in financial services and £3.6bn in insurance services. In terms of services exports to the EU, financial services accounted for 25% of exports, while insurance accounted for a further 4%.Source: ONS Pink Book
UK $873.36bn
France $24bn
Germany $68bn
Other $626bn

Average daily foreign exchange turnover in euros (total $1,591bn)

The UK is currently a significant centre for euro foreign exchange trading, accounting for around 55% of euro-denominated daily foreign exchange turnover. However will the UK be able to keep euro clearing following Brexit?Source: BIS