25 July 2016

Damian Chalmers and Anand Menon author this publication in a personal capacity and the views expressed therein do not necessarily reflect those of Open Europe.

3-Step Brexit Solution

The ‘three step’ solution proposed would see the UK leave the EU towards the end of 2018 and enter a transitional arrangement, possibly lasting until 2024, which would offer the time and space needed to more coolly and calmly negotiate a long-term agreement. Part of the process of arriving at such a solution would be the intense involvement of both stakeholder and non-stakeholder society to elucidate far more clearly what British citizens  desire from a new relationship with the EU.

The authors argue that the outcome of the EU referendum should set the parameters for a transitional agreement in which:

  • Parliamentary sovereignty should be restored.  In addition, all EU law would be transposed into British law and a ‘Petitions Committee’ should be empowered to hold hearings on whether particular laws amongst these should be repealed or amended on the basis of a petition from a certain threshold of British citizens or companies. The UK should no longer be subject to the formal force of the EU Court of Justice’s judgments.
  • An assessment would be carried out to minimise the impacts of any amendment or repeal of these laws on EU citizens or interests. EU States would also be able to make formal representations to Parliament about the impacts of any law.  In addition, a joint UK-EU commission would be established to assess when EU countermeasures would be appropriate if British laws, judgments or interpretations by British regulatory bodies departed from prior EU law.
  • British actors would continue to receive EU grants during the transitional period but the UK should no longer formally contribute in net terms to the EU budget. If necessary, direct UK bilateral support could be offered to the poorer EU member states to secure this deal.
  • Scotland and possibly Northern Ireland will need a closer relationship with the EU than other parts of the UK. This could involve Scotland keeping EU law in place in return for informal participation in the Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER), the body of civil servants which prepare Council of Ministers meeting.
  • Free movement of EU citizens cannot carry on in its current form. To secure access to the single market, a compromise would be to grant residence only to those who have an offer of a full time job and a new income threshold for those seeking to bring their families to the UK, as is the case for UK nationals seeking to bring in a non-EU spouse.

The authors conclude that the hurdles to such a transitional agreement should not be underestimated. Nevertheless, it could appeal to EU partners since it secures a quick Brexit and allows a high degree of economic predictability while negotiating a longer-term deal. Within the UK, such an arrangement would allow the broadest possible participation in the process of untangling the UK from EU law as well as allowing this disentanglement to take place in a speedy and orderly manner. And, crucially, such a transitional deal would offer the best hope of arriving at a mutually satisfactory longer term relationship between the UK and the EU.

About the authors

Damian Chalmers is Professor of European Union Law at the National University of Singapore and the London School of Economics and Political Science

Anand Menon is Professor of European Politics and Foreign Affairs at Kings College London and Director of the ESRC’s UK in a Changing Europe Initiative www.ukandeu.ac.uk @anandmenon1

Both write in a personal capacity and the views expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of Open Europe.

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